(Paras. 1 to 6)
|2. Breweries In Charge : 3. Rationalisation||5. Taking Stock : 6. Handing Over|
1. : IntroductionAs mentioned regarding the Bystanders Society
survey of 1961, and - retrospectively - to a
survey by Ken Chapman in 1984, pubs
closures were a grim feature of the 1960s
and early-1970s, in particular.
It is important to sketch the history of the local
2. : Breweries In ChargeHence, prior to 1961, three breweries were
each responsible for their own closures policy.
It is, of course, nonsense to suggest that they
did not bother to close any pubs before 1961;
but the pace of change quickened a lot once
Morgan's were out of the picture.
Similarly, once Watney Mann (East Anglia) had
In between those times the situation was very
3. : RationalisationThis was the term breweries preferred
when dealing with the closure of pubs.
Accordingly, a joint committee
So their first task was to find out what had been
AcknowledgementAlmost all of the material above is
taken from a publication of the
Centre of East Anglian Studies.
4. : Early MovesSince October 1961, 122 S. & P. houses and
81 Bullard's houses had been closed. But it is
vital to point out that these numbers are
comparatively small; being for the whole of the
Eastern region(s) covered by the two breweries.
So the results for the Norwich area can only
5. : Taking StockThe new committee then looked at the trading
situation in the last recorded year (1963).
They adopted a clear yardstick :-
100 barrels per annum per pub.
This revealed 363 S. & P., and 186 Bullards,
6. : Handing OverIn the event, things went rather "better"
than anticipated in the 18 months from
the (inaugural?) meeting of the committee
i.e. up to February 1966.
The current meeting was informed of 102
The 447 breakdown was 309 (S. & P.) and
No record of Bullard's getting an achievement
Looking forward, there was only one year left
If Watneys were to stick to the 100-barrel
But was it??